What Is Panelized Construction?

  1. Panelization is a ‘prefabrication technique’ that allows the off-site assembling of steel panels in a controlled manufacturing environment.
  2. Panelization is an ideal manufacturing method for steel framing systems as members can be cut to exact lengths.
  3. Panelization construction techniques uses advanced technology, quality materials and a controlled work environment to build energy-efficient buildings in less time.
  4. Panelized construction comprises building components that are made in a factory environment and then shipped to the construction site for incorporation into the build. With panelized construction, prefabricated building components, typically wall and floor systems, are set into place at the site

6-Step Process of Panelized Construction:

Reference- The 6 steps to custom home building with panelized construction,

1. Quicker Installation and Erection

  1. It helps in reduction in building time with an average speed faster than 30% than that of stick framing. The labeling of panels makes it simpler and faster to identify modules on the site.
  2. The walls go up quicker once the panels are on site which results in completion of building much sooner. Construction delays due to bad weather can also be minimized. Panelization can shave off as much as 75% of a construction project’s field time.
  3. Panels are assembled in the factory, and then shipped to the site. Ready panels helps assembling the structure in a record time frame.

Reference- Top Three Benefits of Panelization,

2. Minimum Material Wastage

  1. Prefabricating the walls means less waste. Because of the precise construction, it can result in a more energy-efficient building envelope.
  2. Prefabricated materials can be recycled/reused multiple times over. Thus, less waste is generated with offsite framing compared with On-site framing.
Did You Know?

Since 2012, the prefabricated steel recycling rate for general construction is approximately 74%.

3. Reduced Cost of Construction

  1. Panelized Construction cuts the framing/erection duration by as much as 75%, therefore significantly reducing the construction timelines and interest costs.
  2. Production costs are decreased by manufacturing in areas with lower raw material costs, while labor costs are reduced due to less on-site labor requirement.
  3. It also helps in reducing insurance costs during the construction phase, which brings down the overall project cost by 30%.

Reference- What are the Advantages of a Panelized Building?,

4. Offers Design Flexibility

  1. The prefabricated construction method gives the architects flexibility in terms of the building’s structural design, getting limitless opportunities to design the buildings as per client’s specific requirements.
  2. Custom Engineering and Prefabrication ensure leaving no chance of interpretation on site and that corresponds to avoiding surprises on site, providing failproof construction.
  3. Structural elements and wall compositions are designed with MEP (Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing) considerations, which can be easily installed with no cutting or piercing required.

Reference- What are the Advantages of a Panelized Building?,

5. Reduced Labor Requirement

  1. The construction labor market has always faced challenges. Since the 2008 recession, the construction industry has been struggling with finding and keeping skilled manual labor.
  2. Panelized steel framing is a better solution to this issue. Less manpower is required for all panelized steel projects due to manufacturing and prefabrication of steel panels off-site which can be delivered just in time to the project.
  3. In 2006, a study conducted by the Structural Building Components Association found that a panelized building, compared to a stick-built structure, required 37% fewer man-hours to build.
Did You Know?

According to recent market statistics, there are 25% more unfilled construction positions than hires.

Reference- Top industry trends for building with cold-formed steel framing,

6. Quality of Construction

  1. Prefabrication construction techniques enable improved quality control and management. As panels are manufactured in their climate-controlled environment, they’re closely monitored for quality and meticulously labelled to be shipped for seamless on-site installation sequencing.
  2. Quality construction is achieved with proper finishing and accuracy in dimensions. Panels are constructed on a flat horizontal platform, where carpenters can work at the ideal height, allowing precise control over the final product. The material used is also under tighter scrutiny, resulting in a better-quality panel.

Reference- The future of sustainable construction,

7. Reduced On-Site Accidents

  1. One of the most important concerns that people have about the on-site construction method is the safety and security of the workers, labors, and people in and around the site. There are a myriad of things that can go wrong, which puts the life of the people at risk.
  2. With prefabricated construction, a significant part of the construction is done in a controlled factory setting, which significantly reduces the risks on on-site accidents.
  3. This significantly reduces the risk of on-the-job accidents, and liabilities, which in turn reduces any delay in construction process, resulting in less insurance cost.


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